The city of Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the capital of the state of West Bengal. It's a bustling metropolis with loads of history and culture to offer. The local economy is primarily based around trade, manufacturing and service industries—the main exports from Kolkata being jute fiber (for clothing), tea leaves and salt!
The local culture is very diverse; there are people from many different ethnicities living in this city but it's basically dominated by Bengali culture which means you'll be enjoying authentic food whenever you go out for dinner or lunch with friends.
Kolkata is a city in India's West Bengal state. It is the capital of Tripura, Mizoram and Meghalaya states. Kolkata is also called as the City of Joy or Calcutta. The history of this city dates back to 1690 when Job Charnock, an English sailor and merchant landed on 24th September at Sutanuti (present day North Kolkata). The British East India Company established their trading post here which gradually developed into a town in 1750s due to its strategic location between Darjeeling Himalayan hill station and Hughli River delta area where ships could berth safely even during monsoon season because of its sheltered coves along river side. In 1756 British occupied all villages surrounding present day Kolkata & named it as Fort William after King William III & Queen Mary II who became joint monarchs after death of Charles II during 1702-1714 AD.
During the British Raj, Kolkata was the capital of British India. It remained a center of Indian culture and education for centuries, with numerous colleges and universities. The city has served as an incubator for several prominent movements in Indian history, including the Swadeshi (self-rule) movement of 1905-1911, which played a large role in the struggle for Indian independence.